Russian Federation

Being the largest country on the European continent the Russian Federation has many types of natural ecosystems, from tundra in the North to steppe in the South. There are also forest landscapes in different phases of development, ranging from so far inaccessible large intact forest areas, to forests with long management history, and to those cleared for agriculture. The country is in transition from planned to market economy, which is accompanied by changes in all spheres of society’s life and economy as well as in systems of governance and government.

Komi Model Forest
The development of the Komi Model Forest started in 1996 as a result of a long-term international development project aimed at implementing sustainable forest management (SFM) in the Komi Republic’s SW. The main issues are to find a balance between conservation and economic use of pristine forests, and to involve the local population into the decision-making process concerning multiple use of forest landscapes. These new experiences are important to disseminate in NW Russia.

Kovdozersky Model Forest
This place is located in NW Russia’s Murmansk region, in the lower part of the Kovda river’s catchment. Creation of the KMF begun in 2006 with the financial support from international donors and the Regional Government. The main goal is to develop sustainable multiple use of forest landscapes, which were over-harvested during the years of socialism, and to introduce new forms of collaborative landscape governance.
Pskov Model Forest
The Pskov Model Forest (PMF) project was established in 2000 with the aim to implement an economically viable approach to SFM appropriate to production forests in NW Russia, by drawing on the experiences from Sweden and Finland. It was initiated by international organizations. Located in Pskov Oblast in the NW Russia the area of the PMF is a leasehold territory of a StoraEnso daughter company.